An oasis in the Western Desert west of Luxor. Excavations have uncovered remains possibly from the Early Dynastic Period and from the Old Kingdom to the Byzantine Period. The site was visited by HerbertWinlockin 1908 and again examined by Egyptian archaeologist Ahmed Fakhry from 1968–1972. Asettlement andtombsfrom Dynasty 6have been excavated at Balatby a French expedition since 1977, while a joint Canadian–Australian expedition has conducted a survey and excavations in the oasis since 1978 and found a Roman and Byzantine town site and associated temples at Ismant el-Kharb, which has yielded documentary and literary texts on papyrus and wooden tablets. The site of the main temple at Mut elKharb, the later capital of the oasis, has been under investigation since 2001, and remains have been found from the New Kingdomto the Graeco-Roman Period. An American expedition is now working at the site of Amheida.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • Bahariyaoasis —    Ancient Egyptia Djesdjesor Wehat mehyt, meaning northern oasis. An oasis in the Western Desert west of Luxor. Archaeological remains have been discovered from the Middle Kingdom to the Byzantine Period, including tombs of local governors from… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Khargaoasis —    Possibly Ancient Egyptian Wehat resyt, meaning southern oasis. An oasis in the Western Desert west of Luxor. Prehistoric remains have been discovered there, but evidence from the Pharaonic Period is lacking. The surviving archaeological sites… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Siwaoasis —    An oasis in the northern part of the Western Desert just east of the present Libyan border. There is no direct evidence for Egyptian control until Dynasty 26, when the famous temple to Amunwas built, although this does not preclude earlier… …   Ancient Egypt

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